Bolivia in Limbo as Leaders Resign 11/11 07:27
LA PAZ, Bolivia (AP) -- Bolivia entered a sudden era of political
uncertainty on Monday as President Evo Morales, pushed by the military and
weeks of massive protests, resigned after nearly 14 years in power and
seemingly every person constitutionally in line for the job quit as well.
Crowds of jubilant foes of the socialist leader celebrated in the streets
with honking horns and fireworks after Morales's announcement Sunday, treating
as a triumph of democracy the ouster of a man who pushed aside presidential
term limits and claimed victory in a widely questioned October election.
"We are celebrating that Bolivia is free," said one demonstrator near the
But others --- including Morales himself --- saw it as a return to the bleak
era of coups d'etat overseen by Latin American militaries that long dominated
the region. Morales stepped aside only after the military chief, Gen. Williams
Kaliman, called for him to quit to allow the restoration of peace and stability.
Morales earlier in the day had already accepted calls for a new election by
an Organization of American States team that found a "heap of observed
irregularities" in the Oct. 20 election whose official result showed Morales
getting just enough votes to avoid a runoff against a united opposition.
It wasn't immediately clear who would succeed Morales, or how his successor
would be chosen.
His vice president also resigned as did the Senate president, who was next
in line. The only other official listed by the constitution as a successor, the
head of the lower house, already had resigned.
There were no immediate signs that the military itself was maneuvering for
power, but "I think we have to keep a close eye on what the military does over
the next few hours," said Jennifer Cyr, associate professor of political
science and Latin American studies at the University of Arizona. "Are they
overstepping their role?"
She said "the power vacuum opens up space for the military to potentially
Morales was the first member of Bolivia's indigenous population to become
president and he brought unusual stability and economic progress, helping cut
poverty and inequality in the impoverished nation, and he remains deeply
popular among many Bolivians. Backers of the president have clashed with
opposition demonstrators in disturbances that have followed the October vote.
After nightfall, there were reports of tensions in La Paz and the
neighboring city of El Alto, with reports of looting and burning of public
property and some houses.
The leadership crisis had escalated in the hours leading up Morales'
resignation. Two government ministers in charge of mines and hydrocarbons, the
Chamber of Deputies president and three other pro-government legislators
announced their resignations. Some said opposition supporters had threatened
In addition, the head of Bolivia's Supreme Electoral Tribunal, Maria Eugenia
Choque, stepped down after the release of the OAS findings. The attorney
general's office said it would investigate the tribunal's judges for possible
fraud, and police later said Choque had been detained along with 37 other
officials on suspicion of electoral crimes.
Morales, whose whereabouts were unknown, went on Twitter late Sunday to
claim authorities were seeking to arrest him, but police Gen. Yuri Calderon
denied any apprehension order had been issued for him.
In his tweet, Morales said: "I report to the world and Bolivian people that
a police officer publicly announced that he has instructions to execute an
unlawful apprehension order against me; in addition, violent groups also
stormed my home."
Armed intruders did break into Morales' home in Cochabamba.
Mexico's government reported Sunday night that 20 members of Bolivia's
executive and legislative branches were at the official Mexican residence in
the capital seeking asylum.
Mexican Foreign Secretary Marcelo Ebrard also said on Twitter that Mexico
would offer asylum to Morales if should ask for it, though there was no
indication he had.
Morales was elected in 2006 and went on to preside over a commodities-fed
economic boom in South America's poorest country. The combative former leader
of a coca growers union paved roads, sent Bolivia's first satellite into space
and curbed inflation.
But even many backers eventually grew wary of his reluctance to leave power.
He ran for a fourth term after refusing to abide by the results of a
referendum that upheld term limits for the president --- restrictions thrown
out by a top court critics claimed was stacked in his favor.
After the Oct. 20 vote, Morales declared himself the outright winner even
before official results indicated he obtained just enough support to avoid a
runoff with opposition leader and former President Carlos Mesa. A 24-hour lapse
in releasing results fueled suspicions of vote-rigging.
The government accepted an OAS team sent to look into the election, and that
group called for a new contest with a new electoral tribunal.
"Mindful of the heap of observed irregularities, it's not possible to
guarantee the integrity of the numbers and give certainty of the results," the
OAS said in a statement.
The U.S. State Department issued a statement calling for the OAS to send a
mission to Bolivia to oversee the electoral process. "The Bolivian people
deserve free and fair elections," it said.
The state news agency ABI said Morales announced his resignation from
Chapare province, where he began his career as a union leader. At the end of
his speech, he said he was returning to Chapare.
"I return to my people who never left me. The fight goes on," he said.